Australia is a country that is as well known for its scenic beauty as it is for its cultural activities. Australia is a country and continent surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Its major cities – Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide – are coastal. Its capital, Canberra, is inland. The country is known for its Sydney Opera House, the Great Barrier Reef, a vast interior desert wilderness called the Outback, and unique animal species like kangaroos and duck-billed platypuses.
1. Melbourne – Melbourne is the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria. At the city’s centre is the modern Federation Square development, with plazas, bars, and restaurants by the Yarra River. In the Southbank area, the Melbourne Arts Precinct is the site of Arts Centre Melbourne – a performing arts complex – and the National Gallery of Victoria, with Australian and indigenous art.
2. Adelaide – Adelaide is a picturesque coastal city with a mild, year-round climate and lots of things to enjoy. Its beaches stretch for miles, from North Haven Beach with its boat marina to Sellicks Beach, a popular surfer’s paradise. Adelaide is also a city that’s full of exciting outdoor activities, culture and entertainment. If you like the outdoors, visit one of Adelaide’s 29 beautiful parks, the Adelaide Botanic Garden or the Adelaide Zoo, home to the world’s prized giant pandas. Brush up on culture at Migration Museum and the Art Gallery of South Australia. Enjoy a night out at one of Adelaide’s many restaurants, cafes, pubs and bars, then relax on the banks of the River Torrens while you row a boat and feed the ducks.
3. Sydney – Sydney, capital of New South Wales and one of Australia’s largest cities, is best known for its harbourfront Sydney Opera House, with a distinctive sail-like design. Massive Darling Harbour and the smaller Circular Quay port are hubs of waterside life, with the arched Harbour Bridge and esteemed Royal Botanic Garden nearby. Sydney Tower’s outdoor platform, the Skywalk, offers 360-degree views of the city and suburbs.
4.Darwin – Darwin is a quiet city on the Timor Sea in the sparsely populated Northern Territory of Australia. With balmy, tropical breezes and beautiful orange sunsets, Darwin offers visitors a calm retreat from other bustling cities. Mindil Beach has open-air markets that feature crafts, pottery and foods from around the world. You can shop for bargains and relax with dinner on the beach while you enjoy a beautiful evening sunset. For sightseeing, Darwin has numerous guided tours that explore nature, culture and adventure. You can visit the local rainforests and outback, learn about the Aboriginal culture, explore a safari or fishing adventure, or take a harbor cruise to Crocosaurus Cove to see Steve Irwin’s beloved
5. Canberra – Canberra is Australia’s capital, inland from the country’s southeast coast. Surrounded by forest, farmland and nature reserves, it earns its nickname, the “Bush Capital.” The city’s focal point is Lake Burley Griffin, filled with sailboats and kayaks. On the lakeshore is the massive, strikingly modern Parliament House, as well as museums including the National Gallery, known for its indigenous art collections.